Accueil > ANR MAGNUM


Date : 13 janvier 2017

The loss and habitat fragmentation are major threats to biodiversity and, incidentally, for the stability and existence of human society. The domination of nature by modern western societies is expressed by the transformation and simplification of landscape matrix which can cause disruptions in processes and degradation of ecosystem services. In this context, protected areas have been designed as a cornerstone of the conservation of wildlife and flora but failed at the same time to consider the many cases of coexistence and co-evolution of humans and wildlife. In addition, these protective islands overshadow the ecological importance of infill matrices which are yet subservient, for example, to animal migrations, which provide major ecological functions. The conclusion therefore is that of a need to design new management approaches based on novel ways to perceive and to coexist with nature. The challenge is to better understand the causes and consequences of the transformations of the landscape, in particular seeking to reveal how ecological and social processes overlap and impact each other’s. This challenge is significant because of (i) the complex nature of the systems studied, (ii) uncertainties within it, and (iii) the complex set of scales and interdependencies. The challenge is to learn to manage the processes while considering the aforementioned elements rather than imposing standardized requirements (eg. maximum sustainable yield). Magnum is a science involved project that aims to address some of these issues from a case study that puts at its heart the fieldwork, interdisciplinarity, collaboration, and modeling.

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